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Encyclopedia of sacred theology - pagina 30

its principles ...

2 minuten leestijd

;

6

§ 4.

§ 4.

With

USAGE IN THE

[Div. I

Usage in the Period of the Heformation

the decline of Greek culture the use of iyKVK\io<;

In the scholastic pregnant sense fell away. and ecclesiastical use of the word, which formed itself under Western influence, the original conception of the iy/cvK\io<i iraiheCa was expressed by Triviam et Quadrivium ; and the later conception of ra e^oo 'ypd/ub/xara either by litterae j^f'Oiraiheia in its

fanae or artes liherales. We read nothing of Encijclopedia Middle Ages. In ordinary conversation, even in that

in the

of the " clergy," the

Humanism

word was

lost,

and only

in the sixteenth century does

and then according to the interpretation

Thus Elyot

circle of sciences.

some

is

called the ivorlde of

after the rise of

it

appear again

of Quintilian, as the

writes, in 1536

:

"

Whiche

of

of others the circle of

science.,

Encj/clopcedia." in one word of Greke Britannica, unEncyclopedia the in quoted (The Crouvernor, of the word by the use Evidently der the word Encycl.') doctrine.,

whiche

the Greeks

is

is

:

here not inquired into

;

the sense of the

word

and in the wake of Quintilian, Elyot also does not understand the kvkXo'? to be the circle the orbis doctri7iae. of citizens, but the circle of sciences, This cleared the way for a new transition of meaning. In the latter part of the sixteenth and beginning of the seventeenth century the name Encyclopedia passed from the world of science to the hook in which this " world of The naive assumption that the science " was contained. knowledge of the several sciences was already as good as complete easily accounts for the several efforts that were

is

indicated by the sound

;

the Middle Ages to embody in one single volume the collective knowledge with which they were satThis sort of book isfied and for which they were grateful. was given the name of Speculum., Compendium, Syntagma., or Systerna; and the effort to give manuals of this sort a methodical arrangement met with increasing success. And when attention was again called to the word Encyclopedia, and this was taken as the Orbis doctrinae, it was but natural

made during

that Encyclopedia should be considered a very proper

name

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Bekijk de hele uitgave van zaterdag 1 januari 1898

Abraham Kuyper Collection | 708 Pagina's

Encyclopedia of sacred theology - pagina 30

Bekijk de hele uitgave van zaterdag 1 januari 1898

Abraham Kuyper Collection | 708 Pagina's

PDF Bekijken